Sergio Ramos returned to win and score a game-turning penalty in Real Madrid's 3-1 Clasico victory at Barcelona on Sunday (AEDT).
Madrid captain Ramos was substituted in last week's home defeat to Cadiz and missed the subsequent shock reverse against Shakhtar Donetsk in the UEFA Champions League as the Spanish champions crept towards a crisis ahead of their first meeting with Barca this season.
But the centre-back was fit to start for the crunch La Liga clash at Camp Nou and drew a second-half spot-kick from Clement Lenglet to restore Madrid's lead after Ansu Fati had cancelled out Federico Valverde's opener in a frantic start.
Luka Modric then preyed on a Neto error in the 90th minute to secure the points and take Zinedine Zidane's men top, earning back-to-back La Liga wins against their fiercest rivals for the first time since May 2008 - the last time they successfully defended their domestic title.
Meanwhile, Barca are now without a win in three in the league and sit six points back in mid-table under new coach Ronald Koeman.
The first chance of a gripping game brought the breakthrough as Karim Benzema played a patient pass through for Valverde to advance and lift a cool fifth-minute finish over Neto into the top-left corner.
Vinicius Junior blasted off target as Madrid sought a swift second, but instead they were pegged back three minutes after going ahead when Jordi Alba raced in behind Nacho and squared for Fati to tap in.
Thibaut Courtois and Neto denied Lionel Messi and Benzema respectively at either end as an even, entertaining first half finished all square, before Barca started strongly in the second period.
Fati shot across the face of goal and then Philippe Coutinho aimed a header wastefully wide from the goalscorer's pinpoint cross.
But Lenglet's foolish, off-balance tug on Ramos encouraged an extravagant fall, alerting the VAR to the foul and allowing the visiting skipper to slide his spot-kick beyond Neto.
The embattled Neto made a smart double-stop from Toni Kroos and somehow blocked Ramos' volley, but his valiant efforts to keep Barca in the game were undone when he spilled the ball at the feet of Rodrygo, who squared for fellow substitute Modric to calmly prod into the net.